The spine, found at the center of your back, is a bunch of little bones stacked one on top of the other, known as called vertebrae. It supports your head, shoulders, and upper body. It is your spine that enables you to stand and sit upright. 

Besides this, the spine has a critical role, wherein the vertebrae function as a pathway for your spinal cord (a group of nerves connecting the brain to other parts of the body). You can imagine how your life can be affected if you have even a minor issue in your spine. 

Yes! Spinal issues might affect you mentally, emotionally, socially, and, of course, physically. So if you are experiencing tingling sensations, numbness, or lower back pain, don’t ignore it! Approach the best hospital for spine surgery in India and get the best treatment at the earliest. 

Here are the most common spinal problems that can damage the vertebrae, cause pain and limit the mobility of anyone.

Seven most common spinal issues

Spinal stenosis

The narrowing of the spinal canal is called spinal stenosis. It causes compression of structures within the spinal canal, such as nerve tissue, spinal cord, cerebrospinal fluid. It is caused due to osteoarthritis- the gradual wear and tear of your joints over time. 

Herniated disc

There are discs in between each vertebra that acts as cushions. When this cushioning is shifted, it bursts out of its casing and often interferes with nerves. This is called a herniated disc. It is caused due to gradual, aging-related wear and tear that makes your bones and muscles prone to fracture and tearing with even a minor strain.

Osteoporosis

It is the most common spine issue found in older people. It is referred to as weakened bones caused due to lower bone mass, leading to collapsed vertebrae and a hunched posture. It can be prevented by maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and doing other activities to improve balance, posture, and bone health. 

Scoliosis

The sideways curve in the thoracic spine or lumbar is called scoliosis. It can be caused due to various reasons, including cerebral palsy (a nervous system disorder), muscular dystrophy, congenital disabilities (birth defects), spinal injuries, or infections. Patients may require casts, braces, or physical therapy in severe cases.

Spondylolisthesis

It is a condition in which one vertebrae slides over another. It can be caused due to degeneration of vertebra or disc, trauma, or genetics. It squeezes or damages your spinal cord causing severe pain. Besides this, Spondylolisthesis can also lead to losing bladder control and feeling in your limbs, thus making it difficult to walk.

Muscle strain

Stress, bad posture, sleeping or sitting in odd positions, and overuse are the main cause of muscle strain. Muscles around your spine become tense and strained, thus causing pain and tightness throughout the body, especially at the neck and back. You can prevent it by keeping a good posture, exercising regularly, and taking sufficient rest. 

Whiplash

Whiplash is a kind of neck injury caused by the neck’s sudden flexion (forward movement) and extension (backward movement). Rear-end car crashes often lead to whiplash, but there are chances you don’t feel any symptoms right away. It may take 24 hours to begin feeling whiplash symptoms like neck pain, headache, fatigue, stiff neck, dizziness, etc.

These were the seven most common spine issues that can happen to anyone. So if you are experiencing any discomfort or lower back pain, the first thing you need to do is, consult an orthopedic spine specialist at the best hospital for spine surgery in India. 

The expert will conduct tests to assess your mobility and order medical imaging tests like CT scans, X-rays, MRI scans to understand your problem and provide you with the most appropriate treatment. 

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