How does the case study method work?

Case studies are an in-depth analysis of a person, event, group, or community.

While doing a case study, data from various resources are collected through various methods that can include observation and interviews to find relevant information about the concerned subject.

The case study research methods developed in clinical medicine to find out the history of an individual and identify their diseases.

Case Study methods are different for different subjects, but in every field, researchers require to analyze the history of the concerned subject to correlate with the present situation.

Researchers opt for various methods of collecting and analyzing data to generate relevant material for proceeding with a case study.

Case Study Research Methods

Research methods Case studies involve qualitative research design. These methods are often used in social sciences and for other case studies to deal with the cause of a problem and find solutions to them.

The process in a case study method involves the observation of subjects or cases in their original state.

Researchers, while conducting case studies and following the methods involved in it seldom interfere with the data and results.

They conduct the case study on a subject based on their natural setting.

Researchers pose a specific question in a case study method.

The question can be about an individual or a group to evaluate their theory or hypothesis.

Conducting an interview is one of the best ways to carry out the method where the researchers can use a key format to get the information required.

Below we have illustrated in detail the case study research design.

What Is The Case Study Method?

Case study research is an effective way to understand the details of a matter that may not be possible in a quantitative research method.

  • It Is different from other qualitative research methods in the ways stated below:
  • It studies the effect of circumstances on individuals or groups.
  • It starts with a specific question related to one or multiple matters.
  • It is concerned with an individual’s accounts or experiences.

What are the Primary Features of Case Study Methods?

Researchers in a case study research method ask a few questions to the respondents(individuals or a community)to test their hypothesis.

The researcher’s methodology in a case study may involve triangulation for data collection, where the researchers will use multiple resources.

The resources may include documents or field data.

Then they analyse and interpret the data to develop a hypothesis.

This hypothesis can be tested through further research or can be validated by other researchers.

The method in the case study requires clear concepts and theories.

A Perfect Research Question A is significant while conducting a case study to get accurate results.

The results, by and large, depending upon the question and methodology of the case study.

The best way to answer a research question is by challenging the prevalent theories, hypertension or assumptions.

Researchers usually use the case study method in subjects like business management, psychology, social sciences, and other related fields.

A Short Guide through the Main Approaches Of Data Collection in a Case Study

The main objective of qualitative research is to record the observations that provide a sound understanding of reality.

There are two major approaches taken in a case study to collect data. These are reviewing the document and conducting fieldwork.

A Case Study In Research Methodology Also Includes Literature Review, The Process By Which The Researcher Collects All Data Available Through Historical Documents.

These Might Include Books, Newspapers, Journals, Videos, Photographs And Other Written Material.

The Researcher May Also Record Information Using Video Cameras To Capture Events As They Occur. The Researcher Can Also Go Through Materials Produced By People Involved In The Case Study To Gain An Insight Into Their Lives And Experiences.

Field Research Involves Participating In Interviews And Observations Directly. Observation Can Be Done During Telephone Interviews, Events Public Meetings, Visits to Homes Or Workplaces, Or By Shadowing Someone For A Period Of Time.

The Researcher Can Conduct One-On-One Interviews With Individuals Or Group Interviews Where Several People Are Interviewed At Once.

Let’s Look Now At Case Study Methods

Research Methods of A Case Study

The Case Study Method Can Be Divided Into Three Stages: Formulation Of Objectives; Collection Of Data; And Analysis And Interpretation.

The Researcher First Makes A Judgment About What Should Be Studied Based On Their Knowledge. Next, They Gather Data Through Observations And Interviews. Here Are Some Of The Common Case Study Research Methods:

1. Survey

Respondents Are Asked To Complete A Questionnaire With Open-Ended And Predetermined Questions. One Of The Most Basic Methods Is The Survey.

It Usually Takes Place Through Face-To-Face Interviews, Mailed Questionnaires Or Telephone Interviews. It Can Even Be Done By An Online Survey.

2. Semi-Structured Interview

For Case Study Research, A More Complex Method Is The Semi-Structured Interview. This Involves The Researcher Learning About The Topic By Listening To What Others Have To Say.

Semi-Structured Interviews Allow For Greater Flexibility And Can Obtain Information That Structured Questionnaires Can’t. This Usually Occurs Through One-On-One Interviews With The Sample.

3. Focus Group Interview

Another Method Is The Focus Group Interview, Where The Researcher Asks A Few People To Take Part In An Open-Ended Discussion On Certain Themes Or Topics.

The Typical Group Size Is 5–15 People. This Method Allows Researchers To Delve Deeper Into People’s Opinions, Views And Experiences.

4. Participant Observation

Participant Observation Is Another Method That Involves The Researcher Gaining Insight Into An Experience By Joining In And Taking Part In Normal Events.

The People Involved Don’t Always Know They’re Being Studied, But The Researcher Observes And Records What Happens Through Field Notes.

Case Study Research Design Can Use One Or Several Of These Methods Depending On The Context.

How Case Studies Are Used

To Understand The Impact Of Socio-Economic Forces, Interpersonal Dynamics And Other Human Conditions, Sometimes There’s No Other Way Than To Study One Case At A Time And Look For Patterns And Data Afterward. Case Studies Are Widely Used In The Social Sciences.

It’s For The Same Reasons That Case Studies Are Used In Business. Here Are A Few Uses:

They Can Help Teams Improve Their Collaboration By Identifying Areas That Need Improvements, Such As Team Dynamics, Communication, Roles And Responsibilities And Leadership Styles. Case Studies Can Evaluate The Success Of A Program Or Project.

Case Studies Can Explore How People’s Experiences Affect The Working Environment. Because The Study Involves Observing And Analyzing Concrete Details Of Life, They Can Inform Theories On How An Individual Or Group Interacts With Their Environment.

Can Evaluate Case Studies The Sustainability Of Businesses. They’re Useful For Social, Environmental And Economic Impact Studies Because They Look At All Aspects Of A Business Or Organization. This Gives Researchers A Holistic View Of The Dynamics Within An Organization.

We Can Use Case Studies To Identify Problems In Organizations Or Businesses. They Can Help Spot Problems That Are Invisible To Customers, Investors, Managers And Employees.

Case Studies Are Used In Education To Show Students How Real-World Issues Or Events Can Be Sorted Out. This Enables Students To Identify And Deal With Similar Situations In Their Lives.

And That’s Not All. Case Studies Are Incredibly Versatile, Why They’re Used So Widely.

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