PCOD and PCOS: Causes, Symptoms, Differences and Treatment

PCOS and PCOD are two very common conditions that affect women of childbearing age. They are often spoken about interchangeably, but there are some key differences between the two. In this blog post, we will explore the causes, symptoms, differences and treatment for PCOS and PCOD. By the end, you will have a better understanding of these conditions and how to manage them.

What are PCOS and PCOD?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs.

PCOS affects 5%-10% of women of childbearing age. It is the most common cause of female infertility. PCOS often runs in families, but the exact cause is unknown. Symptoms of PCOS can begin anytime after puberty, but they often become more pronounced during the early to mid-20s. Many women with PCOS do not have any symptoms. When present, symptoms may include:


  • Irregular periods: You might have fewer than nine periods a year, more than 35 days between periods, or no periods at all.
  • Weight gain and trouble losing weight
  • Excess hair growth on your face, chin, chest, abdomen or thighs (hirsutism)
  • Thinning hair on your head
  • Acne
  • Pelvic pain

What causes PCOD and PCOS?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and polycystic ovary disease (PCOD) are two different terms used to describe the same condition. The main difference between the two is that PCOS is a more general term, while PCOD is a specific diagnosis.

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it is thought to be related to hormonal imbalances. Specifically, women with PCOS have higher-than-normal levels of androgens (male hormones). These hormone imbalances can interfere with the development and release of eggs from the ovaries (ovulation).

In addition to hormonal imbalances, other factors that may contribute to the development of PCOS include:

  • Insulin resistance: This occurs when the body does not respond properly to insulin, resulting in high blood sugar levels. Women with insulin resistance are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese can increase the risk for developing PCOS.
  • Genetics: There appears to be a genetic component to PCOS, as it tends to run in families. If your mother or sister has PCOS, you are more likely to develop it as well.
  • Irregular menstrual periods: This is the most common symptom

What are the symptoms?

There are a number of symptoms associated with PCOD and PCOS, and they can vary from person to person. The most common symptoms include:

  • Irregular periods: This is one of the most common symptoms, and can be caused by the hormonal imbalances associated with these conditions.
  • Infertility: PCOD and PCOS can both lead to fertility problems, as the ovaries may not be releasing eggs regularly, or the eggs that are released may not be healthy.
  • Weight gain: This is another common symptom, and can be caused by the hormone imbalances or the build-up of insulin in the body.
  • Excess hair growth: This is often seen in women with PCOS, due to the high levels of testosterone in the body.
  • Acne: This can be another side effect of the hormone imbalances associated with these conditions.

How are PCOD and PCOS diagnosed?

PCOD and PCOS are diagnosed through a combination of physical exam, medical history, and lab tests. The most common lab test used to diagnose PCOD and PCOS is the ovarian reserve test, which measures the amount of follicles in the ovaries. A high level of follicles indicates that the ovaries are not functioning properly. Other lab tests that may be used to diagnose PCOD and PCOS include testosterone levels, prolactin levels, and LH levels. A pelvic ultrasound may also be ordered to evaluate the size and shape of the ovaries.

What is the treatment for PCOD and PCOS?

Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are two different conditions that can cause similar symptoms in women. Both of these these are hormonal disorders that can affect a woman’s menstrual cycle, fertility, and overall health.

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for PCOD or PCOS, but there are many options that can help manage the symptoms and improve fertility. A combination of lifestyle changes and medication is often the most successful approach.

Lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and managing stress can help to regulate hormones and reduce symptoms of PCOD and PCOS. Medications such as birth control pills, anti-androgens, insulin sensitizers, and gonadotropin therapy can also be effective in managing the symptoms of these conditions.

In some cases, surgery may be recommended to remove ovaries or cysts. However, this is typically only considered if other treatments have been unsuccessful or if there are complications that make surgery necessary.

Bad gut health may also lead to PCOS. As you know, there are two kind of bacteria in microbiome. Good bacteria and bad bacteria. The imbalance of Good and Bad bacteria can affect the exacerbation and lead to PCOS in a number of possible ways. In this case, a gut microbiome test can also be beneficial. If you think you may have PCOD or PCOS, it’s important to talk to your doctor so you can get an accurate diagnosis and find the best treatment plan for you.

Are there any home remedies?

PCOS and PCOD are two common hormonal disorders that can affect women of reproductive age. While there is no cure for either condition, there are treatments that can help manage the symptoms and improve your overall health. There are also several home remedies that may  help relieve some of the symptoms associated with these disorder. These include:

  1. Getting regular exercise: Exercise can help to regulate hormones, improve insulin sensitivity, and promote weight loss. All of these factors can help to reduce the symptoms of PCOS and PCOD.
  2. Eating a healthy diet: A diet rich in whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, lean protein, and healthy fats can help to improve your hormone levels and reduce inflammation.
  3. Reducing stress: Stress can worsen the symptoms of PCOS and PCOD, so it’s important to find ways to relax and de-stress. Yoga, meditation, or simply spending time in nature can all be helpful in reducing stress levels.
  4. Herbal supplements: There are several herbs that have been shown to be helpful in managing the symptoms of PCOS and PCOD. These include chasteberry, saw palmetto, green tea, licorice root, dandelion root, fenugreek seeds, ginger root, cinnamon bark, and proposed article below), black cohosh , ginseng ,and evening primrose oil . Speak with a naturopathic doctor or herbalist before


PCOD and PCOS are both hormonal disorders that can cause a variety of problems for women. They are often confused because they have similar symptoms, but they are actually quite different. PCOD is caused by an imbalance of the hormones involved in ovulation, while PCOS is caused by an imbalance of all the hormones involved in reproduction. Both conditions can be treated with medication, lifestyle changes, or surgery.

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