The Different Types of Fountain Pumps – How to Choose the Right One

Fountains are beautiful additions to any yard or garden and come in many shapes and sizes. While installing a fountain is fairly simple, choosing the right fountain pump can be a little more challenging. Various types of pumps are available on the market today, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. In order to select the right one for your fountain, it’s important to understand how these pumps work. There are many different factors to consider when picking the right pump for your water feature, including what kind of water you’ll be using (i.e., clean or non-potable water), how much noise you’re willing to tolerate, where you plan on putting your fountain (i.e., indoors or outdoors), and how much power you have access to at that location. Read on for more details about some of the most common types of pumps and how they might suit different needs and preferences.

How Does a Fountain Pump Work?

Pump for a small fountain is used to draw water from a source (like a well, pond, or other water supply) and push it through a hose to where you want it to go. Depending on your type of pump, you can use it for various applications, including irrigation, fountains, waterfalls, and pools. Because these pumps draw water from an external source, they’re often used in combination with a pressure tank to maintain a consistent flow of water in both high-pressure and low-pressure areas. A fountain pump usually consists of an electric motor connected to an impeller (or pump impellent) that helps move water through the pump. As the motor rotates, it creates a suction that draws water through the pump. The impeller then forces that water through the hose and out to the fountain.

Submersible Pumps

Submersible pumps, like wells, are used to draw water from underground sources and are installed directly into the source water. When selecting a submersible pump for your fountain, it’s important to determine the volume of water that will be drawn through the pump. This can be done by calculating the pump’s GPH (gallons per hour) rating. For example, if you’re using a fountain pump rated for 100 GPH and your fountain produces 100 GPH, these two water sources will be in balance. If you want to increase the flow rate to 200 GPH, you’ll need to select a pump with a higher GPH rating. Submersible pumps are beneficial because they’re completely submerged in water and therefore don’t require any sort of ground-based installation. These pumps are typically powered by electricity, making them ideal for indoor fountains. However, if you plan on installing your fountain outdoors, you might want to select an outdoor submersible pump.

Imported Pumps

There are a number of imported submersible pumps on the market today. These pumps are most commonly used outdoors, but can also be used indoors if there is no other suitable water source available. Like submersible pumps, imported pumps are installed directly into the water source. Most imported pumps can be used with clean and non-potable water, which means that they can be used in fountains connected to clean drinking water sources. Because they can be submerged, imported pumps are typically installed in below-ground wells or water sources. Because imported pumps typically do not have adjustable flow rates, they are not as flexible as other pumps. You’ll need to consider this when selecting an imported pump for your fountain, especially if you plan to add other fixtures to your fountain later.

Trickle Pumps

Trickle pumps are ideal for cascading fountains and waterfalls where you’d like to maintain a slow flow rate. These pumps are typically more affordable but are also comparatively less powerful than other types of pumps. If you plan to use a trickle pump in a fountain that produces a large amount of water, you may experience reduced pump life. Because trickle pumps do not produce a large flow of water, they are not recommended for use with fountains that include a submerged pump. This is because a large amount of water will not be drawn through the pump, which could cause it to burn out. Trickle pumps are also great for trickle irrigation systems, making them an excellent choice for larger gardens or properties with many plants.

High-Velocity Pumps

High-velocity pumps are designed to produce a large amount of water and are not often used in indoor fountains. Because of this, they are often installed in a ground-based pump house and connected to the fountain with a long hose. If you plan to use a high-velocity pump in an indoor fountain, you’ll need to make sure that the fountain has a large amount of water capacity to avoid overloading the pump. Most high-velocity pumps are powered by electricity, making them ideal for indoor fountain installations. If you’re installing a fountain outdoors, however, you may want to select a high-velocity pump that is powered by gas.


Fountain pumps are a crucial component of any water feature, so it’s important to choose wisely. Each type of pump has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, so it’s helpful to understand the differences in order to select the best pump for your needs. When installing a fountain, it’s important to determine the volume of water that will be drawn through the pump. This will help you select the right pump for your fountain, ensuring it has enough power to produce the desired amount of water without burning out prematurely.

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